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15 July 2015

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Statistical Communiqué on Hunan’s Economic and Social Development in 2020

2021-05-10 Download Print

The year 2020 was an extraordinary year. In the context of the profound and complex changes in the domestic and international situation, Hunan province had faced the COVID-19 epidemic and rare floods. Under the strong leadership of the CPC Hunan Provincial Committee and the People’s Government of Hunan Province, the whole province adhered to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and implemented the spirit of President Xi’s important speeches and instructions made when inspecting Hunan. It carried forward the decisions and deployments made by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council; acted on the general principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability; worked together to fight against the pandemic; took the lead in resuming work and production; and, ensured stability on six key fronts and maintained security in six key areas. It has achieved remarkable results in coordinating epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development. Its economy has shown a steady rebound in growth, continuous optimized structure, and continuous improvement in both quality and efficiency. It has won a complete victory in the fight against poverty and made a decisive victory in building a well-off society in an all-round way. This has laid a solid foundation for fully embarking on a new journey during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, vigorously implementing the Three Highlands and Four New Missions Strategy, and striving to build a modern new Hunan.


Contents

Ⅰ. General Outlook

Ⅱ. Agriculture

Ⅲ. Industry and Construction

Ⅳ. Service

Ⅴ. Investment in Fixed Assets

Ⅵ. Domestic Trade and Prices

Ⅶ. Foreign Economic Relations

Ⅷ. Finance, Banking, and Insurance

Ⅸ. Education, Science and Technology

Ⅹ. Culture, Public Health and Sports

Ⅺ. Household Income, Consumption and Social Security

Ⅻ. Resources, Environment and Work Safety


Ⅰ. General Outlook
According to the results of the unified regional calculation of gross domestic product (GDP), the total GDP of Hunan Province was 4178.15 billion yuan, an increase of 3.8% over last year. Of the total, the added value of the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries was 424.04 billion yuan, 1593.77 billion yuan, and 2160.34 billion yuan, showing an increase of 3.7%, 4.7%, and 2.9% respectively.


The proportion of the three industrial sectors was 10.2: 38.1: 51.7. The proportion of the added value of the secondary and tertiary industries in the regional GDP decreased by 0.5 and 0.6 percentage points respectively from the previous year. The industrial added value accounted for 29.6% of the regional GDP, up 4.6% year on year. The added value of high-tech sectors grew by 10.1% and made up 23.5% of the regional GDP. The strategic emerging industry made an added value increase of 10.2% and accounting for 10% of the regional GDP. The contribution rate of the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries was 8.1%, 53.9%, and 38% respectively. The added value of secondary industry and producer service industry respectively contributed 43.9% and 24% to economic growth, up 4.6 and 0.2 percentage points respectively year on year.



Regionally, the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) City Cluster’s GDP was 1759.15 billion yuan, growing by 4% over last year. Southern Hunan’s GDP increased by 3.9% to 811.93 billion yuan. Western Hunan’s GDP was 688.44 billion yuan, rising 3.6%. Dongting Lake area’s GDP reached 960.42 billion yuan, up 4%.


Ⅱ. Agriculture
The added value of agriculture, forestry, husbandry, and fishery sectors hit 751.2 billion yuan, making a year-on-year increase of 4.1%. The added value of agriculture, forestry, husbandry, and fishery was 336.48 billion, 42.8 billion, 272.16 billion, and 47.75 billion yuan, growing by 4.1%, 8.3%, 2.5%, and 4.3% respectively.


Hunan’s sown area of grain increased by 3% to 4754.8 thousand hectares, 138.4 thousand hectares more than last year. Among them, sowing area for summer season rice grew by 3.8% to 106.3 thousand hectares, an increase of 3.9 thousand hectares; that for early season rice was up 12% to 1225.7 thousand hectares, an increase of 131.1 thousand hectares; and, that for autumn season rice increased by 0.1% to 3422.7 thousand hectares, an increase of 3.4 thousand hectares. Among the area of autumn season rice, the area of middle and late season rice declined by 7.9% to 1476.1 thousand hectares, a decrease of 126 thousand hectares; while the area of double late season rice was up by 11.5% to 1292 thousand hectares, an increase of 133.5 thousand hectares. Grain production totaled 30.151 million tons, up 1.4% and 403,000 tons more than the previous year. Among them, the output of summer and early season rice grew by 4.3% and 8.7% to 431,000 tons and 7.187 million tons respectively, an increase of 4.3% and 8.7% respectively. The output of autumn season rice decreased by 0.8% to 22.533 million tons, 188,000 tons less than the previous year.


Cotton planting covered an area of 59.5 thousand hectares, a decrease of 5.6% over previous year. The planting area of sugar crops reached 7.6 thousand hectares, increasing by 2.3%. The planting area for oil-bearing crops was 1453.5 thousand hectares, a growth of 6.4%. The planting area of vegetables and edible fungi was 1355 thousand hectares, an increase of 3.2%. Cotton output declined by 9% to 74,000 tons; oil-bearing crops output grew by 9% to 2.607 million tons; flue-cured tobacco decreased by 0.1% to 183,000 tons; and, vegetables and edible fungi output rose by 3.5% to 41.101 million tons.



The total output of pork, beef, mutton, and poultry was 4.525 million tons in 2020, a decrease of 0.9% over the previous year. Among them, there are 3.377 million tons of pork, a decrease of 3.1%; 205,000 tons of beef, an increase of 7.9%; 161,000 tons of mutton, an increase of 1.3%; and, 782,000 tons, an increase of 6.5%. The number of slaughter pigs was 37.346 million, an increase of 38.4%, including 3.516 million breeding sows, an increase of 41.7%; slaughter cattle 4.381 million, an increase of 6.7%; slaughter sheep 7.612 million, an increase of 6.9%; and, poultry 376.8885 million, an increase of 3.7%. At the end of the year, the number of pig stock was 46.589 million, a decrease of 3.2%; cattle stock 1.746 million, an increase of 7.4%; sheep stock 9.833 million, an increase of 1.2%; and, poultry 544.036 million, an increase of 6.6%. The output of poultry and eggs was 1.188 million tons, growing by 3.6%; milk output was 56,000 tons, decreased by 11.1%; and, aquatic products output was 2.589 million tons, up 1.8%.


The newly-increased effective irrigation area of farmland in 2020 reached 31.6 thousand hectares, with the water-saving irrigation area increased by 40.3 thousand hectares. A total of 77,000 water conservancy projects came into operation, with an investment of 26.95 billion yuan and 1.06 billion cubic meters of water conservancy earthwork constructed. A total of 4,598 km of rural roads were renovated and upgraded.


Ⅲ. Industry and Construction
The added value of industrial enterprises above the designated size grew by 4.8% over last year. Among all the industrial enterprises above the designated size, the non-public business increased by 5.7%, accounting for 71.7% of the total. The added value of hi-tech manufacturing industry rose by 16%, accounting for 11.7% of the industrial enterprises above designated size and up 0.4 percentage points over the previous year. The added value of equipment manufacturing enterprises above designated size increased by 10.4%, accounting for 32.4% of the total and up 1.9 percentage points over the previous year. And, that of the provincial-and-above industrial parks increased by 4.2%, accounting for 67.2% of that of the industrial enterprises above designated size. The added value of six high energy-consuming industries grew by 2.7%, accounting for 28.5% of the industrial enterprises above designated size, which was 0.6 percentage points lower than last year. Regionally, the Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster area made a 5% increase in added value, with southern Hunan increasing by 4.6%, western part increased by 5%, and the Dongting Lake area up 4.8%.


Among the products of industrial enterprises above designated size, the output of rice was 17.322 million tons, up by 15.9%; fodder increased by 3.1% to 17.91 million tons; crude processing volume hit 8.779 million tons, a decrease of 6%; cement output totaled 109.891 million tons, an increase of 0.4%; steel was 27.207 million tons, growing by 8.6%; and ten non-ferrous metals output increased by 7.5% to 2.15 million tons. During the year, 70,000 concrete machineries were manufactured, a growth of 57.5% over last year; and, 635,000 cars were produced, decreasing by 25.2%. The electric energy production reached 149.62 billion kilowatt hours, down 1.5% over last year.




The profit of industrial enterprises above designated size totaled 203.27 billion yuan, an increase of 8.7%. The state-owned enterprises made a total profit of 8.09 billion yuan, down by 0.9%; collectively-owned enterprises made 310 million yuan, down by 15.2%; stock cooperative enterprises gained 60 million yuan, down by 47.7%; joint-equity enterprises earned 172.65 billion yuan, up 8.7%; foreign-funded and Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan-invested enterprises made a gross profit of 16.77 billion yuan, up by 19.1%; and, other domestic enterprises gained profits of 5.4 billion yuan, a decline of 1.3%. Top five profitable industrial sectors were: special equipment manufacturing, with a profit of 41.32 billion yuan, growing by 50%; non-metallic minerals product, gaining a profit of 21.63 billion yuan, up by 4.8%; computer, communications, and other electronic equipment manufacturing, making a profit of 15.17 billion yuan, increasing by 17.4%; chemical raw materials and products, with a profit of 14.92 billion yuan, up by 3.4%; and, agricultural and sideline food processing, making a profit of 11.17 billion yuan, down by 6.8%. The cost of the main business income per 100 yuan of industrial enterprises above designated size was 81.4 yuan. At the end of the year, the asset-liability ratio of industrial enterprises above designated size was 51.4%.


The profits made by construction enterprises qualified for general contracts and specialized contracts exceeded 1.18638 trillion yuan, growing by 9.8%. The housing construction areas totaled 679.788 million square meters, a rise of 4.2%, while the areas completed reached 212.353 million square meters, rising by 0.9%.


Ⅳ. Service
The added value of the wholesale and retail industry in 2020 was 405.44 billion yuan, an increase of 0.6% over the previous year; that of the transportation, storage and post industry 156.10 billion yuan, a decrease of 0.6%; that of the accommodation and catering industry 82.74 billion yuan, a decrease of 9.4%; that of the financial industry 212.64 billion yuan, an increase of 8.3%; that of the real estate industry 290.24 billion yuan, an increase of 4.1%; that of the information transmission, software and information technology services industry 85.05 billion yuan, an increase of 20.9%; and, that of the leasing and business services industry 123.08 billion yuan, an increase of 1.9%. The operating revenue of the service industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 4.9%, and the total profit decreased by 18.9% in 2020.


Hunan’s total converted turnover volume of passenger and freight traffic was 326.27 billion ton-km, a year-on-year decrease of 11.3%. The turnover volume of freight traffic was 262.04 billion ton-km, a growth of 0.3%. Of the total, cargo transported via rail was 85.64 billion ton-km, up 0.1%; and that by road was 135.06 billion ton-km, increasing by 2.6%. The total turnover volume of passenger traffic was 98.56 billion person-km, a decrease of 40.9%. Of the total, passengers traveling by rail decreased by 39.6% to 60.79 billion person-km, that by road declined by 48.1% to 22.48 billion person-km, and that utilizing civil aviation reached 15.1 billion per-km, decreasing by 33.2%.


The total highway mileage amounted to 241.1 thousand kilometers, 0.2% longer than that at the end of previous year. Among which, the expressway mileage increased 149 kilometers to 6,951 kilometers. Railway mileage totaled 5,630 kilometers, among which high-speed railway mileage reached 1,996 kilometers. The total number of motor vehicles for civilian use reached 9.566 million, up by 9.3%, private-owned vehicles stood at 8.902 million, growing by 9.5%, and cars for civilian use numbered 5.223 million, up by 8.9%.




Of the total, post services reached 42.92 billion yuan, an increase of 33.4%, and telecommunication services 567.05 billion yuan, a growth of 33.4%. The year of 2020 also saw 5.924 million fixed telephone subscribers, down by 4.9%. Mobile phone users numbered 67.194 million by the end of 2020, up by 1.1%. Internet broadband subscribers amounted to 21.132 million, a year-on-year increase of 12.8%.


The year of 2020 saw 690 million domestic tourist arrivals in Hunan, declining by 16.2% compared with that of 2019. The number of inbound trips to Hunan totaled 170,000, a decrease of 96.4%. The overall revenue generated by tourism amounted to 826.2 billion yuan, a decrease of 15.4%. Domestic tourism revenue reached 825.84 billion yuan, marking a 14.1% decline. International tourism income decreased by 97.7% to 51.167 million dollars.


Ⅴ. Investment in Fixed Assets
The provincial investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) increased by 7.6% over the previous year. Of which, the non-government investment grew by 3%. Classified by types of economy, the investment in fixed assets of state-owned units was up by 7.3% while the non-state-owned units up by 7.8%. As for investment direction, the investments in the people’s livelihood, ecology, infrastructure, high-tech industry, and technological innovation up 5.1%, 7.1%, 4.6%, 25.4%, and 6.9% respectively. Regionally, the investments in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster rose by 6.5%; the southern Hunan up 8.8%; the western Hunan increased by 8.4%; and, the Dongting Lake area seeing a 9.2% growth.


The investment in real estate development totaled 488.04 billion yuan, increasing by 9.8% over last year. Of the total, residential housing investment was 361.51 billion yuan, up by 13.1%. The commercial housing sales increased by 3.7% to 94.374 million square meters. The residential housing sales rose by 5.4% to 85.067 million square meters. The sales value of commercial and residential housing was 594.71 billion yuan and 522.36 billion yuan, increasing by 6.6% and 10.6% respectively. The area of residential housing for sale totaled 13.338 million square meters at year-end, 769,000 square meters less than last year, a decline of 5.5%.




Ⅵ. Domestic Trade and Prices
Hunan’s total retail sales of consumer goods reached 1625.81 billion yuan, a decline of 2.6% over the previous year. In terms of business location, the retail sales of consumer goods in urban areas stood at 1404.52 billion yuan, down by 2.8% and that in rural areas 221.29 billion yuan, down by 0.9%. As for consumption types, 1437.47 billion yuan were made in commodity retail sales and 188.35 billion yuan in catering, decreasing by 1.6% and 9.4% respectively. In terms of regions, the total retail sales of consumer goods in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster, southern Hunan, western Hunan, and the Dongting Lake area was 631.07 billion yuan, 329.93 billion yuan, 293.51 billion yuan, and 371.3 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 2.5%, 2.6%, 2.7%, and 2.4% respectively.




The total retail sales of the legal entities of wholesale and retail industry above quota limit stood at 546.32 billion yuan, up by 3.8% over the previous year. Of the total, the retail sales of grain, oil, and groceries increased by 13%, that of cosmetics grew by 18.5%, household appliances and audio-video equipment by 1.2%, Chinese and western drugs rose by 22.1%, communication equipment up by 23.1%, petroleum and related products down by 6.2%, and automobiles up 3.3%. Among the intelligent and environmental-friendly products, sales of smart household appliances and audiovisual equipment increased by 1.5%, smartphones up 8.3%, and new energy vehicles grew by 15.9%.


Online retail sales of physical commodities amounted to 159.11 billion yuan, up by 21.6% over last year. This accounted for 9.8% of the total retail sales of consumer goods, 1.7 percentage points higher than that of 2019.


In 2020, the CPI (Consumer Price Index) in Hunan increased by 2.3% over the previous year. The CPI in urban and rural areas went up by 2% and 2.9% respectively. The retail price of commodities surged by 1.3%, while the factory gate price and the purchase price decreased by 1% and 1.1% respectively. The producer price of agricultural products and the price for means of agricultural production rose by 23.3% and 3.5% respectively.




Ⅶ. Foreign Economic Relations
Hunan’s total import and export value was worth 487.45 billion yuan, representing a year-on-year increase of 12.3%. Of the total, the export value was 330.64 billion yuan, up by 7.5%, and the import value 156.81 billion yuan, up by 24.1%. In terms of trade types, the export value of general trade reached 263.12 billion yuan, up by 9.1%, while that of processing trade totaled 52.07 billion yuan, down by 5.3%. Considering top 5 exported commodity categories, the export value of apparel and clothing accessories was 17.51 billion yuan, down by 34%; electronic component increased by 3.5% to 17.19 billion yuan; plastic products up by 20.1% to 13.54 billion yuan; shoes grew by 5.1% to 12.42 billion yuan; and, textile yarns, fabrics and their products went up by 100.9% to 11.91 billion yuan. The exports by major countries (regions) to Hong Kong decreased by 6% to 57.14 billion yuan; that to USA and the ASEAN countries increased by 26.6% and 17.5% to 45.78 billion yuan and 59.1 billion yuan respectively; and, that to EU down by 0.2% to 35.78 billion yuan.




The actual utilized foreign direct investment (FDI) in Hunan was 21 billion dollars, a year-on-year increase of 16%. FDI in the primary, secondary, and tertiary industry was 1.03 billion dollars, 7.85 billion dollars, and 12.12 billion dollars, up by 43.5% in the primary industry, down by 2.3% in the secondary industry, and up 29.6% in the tertiary industry. Hunan introduced 176 foreign-funded projects with paid-in investment of over 30 million dollars for each. At the end of the year, 179 existing Fortune 500 companies invested in Hunan, and 2 new ones were introduced. It attracted 873.73 billion yuan of actual investment from other provinces in China, up by 22.5%. Of the total, the investments in the primary, secondary, and tertiary industry were 68.8 billion yuan, 407.65 billion yuan, and 397.28 billion yuan, up by 33.3%, 14.2%, and 30.3% respectively. A total of 807 projects worth over two hundred million yuan were introduced from foreign countries and other provinces.


The value of newly-signed foreign contracted projects in 2020 was 4.46 billion dollars, a decrease of 18.8% over the previous year; the turnover was 2.25 billion dollars, a decrease of 25.4%; and 5,500 laborers of various types were dispatched, a decrease of 65.1%. The foreign Chinese contracted investment amounted to 2.19 billion dollars, an increase of 100.8%. The actual foreign investment was 1.49 billion dollars, an increase of 54.7%.


Ⅷ. Finance, Banking, and Insurance
Hunan’s total fiscal revenue reached 300.87 billion yuan, up by 0.1% compared with the previous year. Of the total, tax revenue and non-tax revenue reached 205.8 billion yuan, a 0.2% decrease; and, 95.07 billion yuan, a 0.6% increase. Of the tax revenue, domestic added-value tax was 70.06 billion yuan, down by 11.3% over the previous year; and, the corporate income tax was 25.6 billion yuan, increasing by 3.6%. The general public budget expenditure was 840.27 billion yuan, an increase of 4.6%. Among them, education expenditure was 132.52 billion yuan, up 4.3%; social security and employment expenditures 130.76 billion yuan, increasing by 12.7%; health expenditure 73.66 billion yuan, grew by 11.3%; science and technology expenditure 23.41 billion yuan, an increase of 36.2%; and, housing security expenditure 24.47 billion yuan, up 14.5%.




Savings deposits in RMB and foreign currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 5,791.2 billion yuan at the end of the year, an increase of 10% compared with that at the end of the previous year. Of the total, savings deposit of households was 3,186.91 billion yuan, up 12.2%; and, that of non-financial enterprises was 1,345.64 billion yuan, up 3.1% year one year. The balance of various domestic and foreign currency loans was 4,940.28 billion yuan, an increase of 16.5%. Of the total, loans for households, and loans for non-financial enterprises, government agencies and organizations were 1,839.23 billion yuan and 3,096.59 billion yuan, up by 17.1% and 16.3% respectively.




There were 117 domestic A-share listed companies in Hunan Province by the end of 2020. The direct financing of the province totaled 467.44 billion yuan, up by 51.1%. The total market value of A-share listed companies was 1,753.32 billion yuan, an increase of 77.7%. At the end of the year, there were 436 securities company business departments, 1 less than the previous year. The annual securities transaction volume was 10,486.36 billion yuan, an increase of 91.5%. There were 3 futures companies in Hunan Province, the same as last year. Their annual turnover was 6,427.59 billion yuan, up 42.0%.


The premium received by the insurance companies totaled 151.31 billion yuan in 2020, up by 8.4% over the previous year. Of the total, the premiums of life insurance, health insurance, accident insurance and property insurance were 76.08 billion yuan, a 7.2% increase; 30.37 billion yuan, an increase of 19.8%; 3.97 billion yuan, an increase of 12.4%; and, 40.89 billion yuan, up 2.8% respectively. Meanwhile, insurance companies paid an indemnity worth 48.24 billion yuan, growing by 13.8%.


Ⅸ. Education, Science and Technology
There were 114 general institutions of higher learning at the end of the year. The number of graduates in post-graduate education was 25,000; that of graduates from university and specialized colleges associated with general higher education was 376,000; and, that of graduates from secondary vocational schools was 208,000. The number of senior secondary school graduates, junior secondary school graduates, and primary school graduates was 386,000, 787,000, and 813,000 respectively. Kindergartens accommodated 2.314 million children, a year-on-year increase of 1.7%. Enrolment rate of school-age children in primary school hit 100% and the gross senior secondary school enrollment rate was 93.29%. There were 2.655 million students enrolled in 11,502 non-government colleges and schools. About 1.72 billion yuan was offered as national scholarships and student grants for 779,000 students of colleges and universities. About 408 million yuan of state stipend was offered to 408,000 students of secondary vocational schools. About 10.37 billion yuan was allocated for compulsory education, and 500 million yuan as a state stipend for senior secondary schools.




There were 16 national and 286 provincial engineering research centers (laboratories) in Hunan by the end of 2020. There were 38 national-provincial joint engineering research centers (laboratories) set up; and 14 national engineering (technology) research centers and 455 engineering (technology) research centers at the provincial level established. There were 19 national key laboratories and 338 key laboratories at the provincial level as well as 59 national-recognized enterprise technology centers. A total of 11,741 technology transfer contracts were signed, representing 73.6 billion yuan in value. There were 532 scientific research results registered. The number of patent applications was 137,415, an increase of 29.5% over the previous year. Among them, the number of invention patent applications was 55,017, up 40.7%. The number of patent authorizations was 78,723, an increase of 44.0%, including 11,537 invention patents, up 36.1%. The number of patent applications for industrial and mineral enterprises, universities and colleges, and scientific research institutes reached 79,121, 18,553 and 996 respectively, while the number of authorized patents were 42,202, 14,125, and 650.



By the end of 2020, 2,025 testing organizations for product inspection have been established in Hunan. Of which, there were 18 national product quality supervision and inspection centers, and 103 legal agencies for metrology verification. There were 1,882 special equipment manufacturers and 424,000 such facilities across the province. The qualification rate of key industrial products under quality random inspection was 87.6%. Hunan has involved in the development of 4 international standards and 176 national standards, and established 294 local standards. It has published 7,868 pieces of maps, witnessed 2.24 million visits to MAPWORLD, and offered 2.84 million fundamental geographic information data.


Ⅹ. Culture, Public Health and Sports
By the end of 2020, there were 575 art-performing groups, 146 mass art centers and culture centers, 141 public libraries, 117 museums and memorials, and 108 radio and television stations (broadcasting agencies). Subscribers to cable television programs numbered 7.277 million households. Radio broadcasting and television broadcasting coverage rates were 99.37% and 99.74% respectively. There were 118 national level intangible cultural heritage protection projects and 324 provincial level protection projects. There were 10,311 sorts of books, 254 types of magazines, and 46 types of newspapers issued. A total of 450 million copies of books, 95 million copies of magazines and 730 million copies of newspapers were issued.


By the end of 2020, there were 56,117 medical and health institutions in the province, including 1,654 hospitals, 137 maternal and child health-care institutions, 82 specialized epidemic disease prevention and control centers, 2,144 township health centers, 834 community health service centers, 12,016 clinics, and 38,110 village clinics. There were a total of 500,000 health workers, a decrease of 0.5% over last year. Of the total, practicing doctors and assistant practicing doctors numbered 191,000, and registered nurses numbered 237,000. The hospitals in the province possessed 377,000 beds, up by 3.2%; and, township health centers 107,000 beds, up by 1.8%.


The province carried out 1,043 Fitness-for-All programs with regular participants of 26.643 million. The number of administrative villages with newly-built sports fitness projects for farmers was 837. In 2020, Hunan athletes won 26 national championships. There were altogether 149,635 sports grounds and related buildings, including 264 stadiums, 6,729 sports grounds, 815 swimming pools and 7,267 all sorts of training rooms.


Ⅺ. Household Income, Consumption and Social Security
In 2020, the annual per capita disposable income of population in the province was 29,380 yuan, up by 6.1%, and its median was 23,783 yuan, up 5.2%. The annual per capita disposable income of urban residents was 41,698 yuan, up by 4.7%, and its median reached 37,478 yuan, up 4%. The annual per capita disposable income of rural residents was 16,585 yuan, up by 7.7%, and its median was 14,839 yuan, an increase of 6.6%. The ratio of urban and rural residents’ income shrank from 2.59:1 to 2.51:1. Regionally, the per capital disposable income in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) city cluster reached 45,273 yuan, a year-on-year growth of 5.6%; 27,171 yuan in southern Hunan area (an increase of 6.2%); 20,323 yuan in western Hunan (6.6% growth); as well as 26,695 yuan in Dongting Lake Ecological and Economic Zone, an increase of 6.3%. The annual per capita disposable income of rural residents in poverty-stricken areas was 12,023 yuan, an increase of 9.9%. And the per capita monthly income of migrant workers was 4,889 yuan, up 6.4%.




The per capita consumption expenditure of population in the province was 20,998 yuan, up by 2.5% over the previous year. The per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 26,796 yuan, a decrease of 0.5%; and that of rural residents 14,974 yuan, an increase of 7.2%.


In 2020, a total number of 724.2 thousand new jobs were created in urban areas. The total number of migrant workers reached 17.241 million, down by 3.1% over last year. Among them, migrant workers working outside of their home towns were 11.814 million, a decrease of 4.3%; local migrant workers were 5.427 million, a decrease of 0.4%. There were 9.509 million of new generation of migrant workers, down by 1.3%. At the end of the year, the number of registered participants in the basic pension programs for urban and rural residents was 34.711 million, an increase of 575,000 over the end of the previous year. The number of people participating in urban basic pension programs for staff and workers was 17.248 million, a year-on-year increase of 1.669 million. Of the total, 12.221 million were staff and workers, and 5.027 million were retirees. A total of 67.318 million people participated in urban basic health insurance programs, including 9.898 million urban staff and workers and 57.421 million urban residents. A total of 6.409 million people participated in unemployment insurance programs, an increase of 343,000; and, a total of 8.20 million people participated in work accident insurance programs. The number of people participated in maternity insurance programs totaled 6.338 million. By the end of 2020, 125,000 staff and workers received unemployment insurance benefits. The total expenditure of lowest subsistence allowances was 2.34 billion yuan for 446 thousand urban residents and 4.65 billion yuan for 1.495 million rural residents. At the end of 2020, adoption agencies of various kinds provided 239,000 beds, adopting 126,000 people. Among them, there were 223,000 beds in elderly care institutions for 117,000 old people. The province had 33,000 community service organizations and facilities. A total of 5.09 billion yuan worth of social welfare lottery tickets were sold, raising 1.6 billion yuan for social welfare. Twelve key tasks for the people’s livelihood were successfully completed. In specific, the quota to children eligible for public kindergarten enrolment reached 392,000, 1.061 million rural household toilets have been renovated or newly constructed, and 417,000 pregnant women have undergone free prenatal screening.


Ⅻ. Resources, Environment and Work Safety
A total of 146 kinds of mineral deposits have been discovered in the province and 111 kinds of minerals with proved reserves explored, including 7 energy-related minerals, 39 metallic minerals, 63 nonmetallic minerals, and 2 liquid minerals. The number of geological exploration implementation projects (including continuing projects) totaled 247 and a total of 8 new mineral deposits of large or medium size were discovered.


There was 95.9% of the water quality across sections of the province that met or exceeded the Class III standard, 0.6 percentage points higher than the previous year. The air quality of 7 cities in the province reached the second level. The urban sewage treatment rate was 98.31%, and the harmless treatment rate of urban household waste 100%. There were 53 nature reserves above the provincial level, covering an area of 910,000 hectares. Among them, 23 were at the national level and 30 at the provincial level. There were 71 scenic areas above the provincial level, covering an area of 681,000 hectares. Among them, 22 were at the national level and 49 at the provincial level. There were 2 world and 14 national level geological parks. The year 2020 witnessed a total afforestation area of 581,000 hectares. There were 12.986 million hectares of forest land; the stocking volume of living woods reached 618 million cubic meters; and the forest coverage was 59.96%.


Preliminary estimation indicated that this year the total energy consumption of industrial enterprises above designated size decreased by 1.3% over the last year. Of the total, the energy consumption of the top six high energy-consuming industries declined by 1.3%.


A total of 1,574 work-related accidents of various kinds which happened during production or operation were reported in the province, and the death toll amounted to 1,654. The death toll from work accidents every 100 million yuan worth of GDP was 0.04 people, and the death toll for one million tons of coal produced in coalmines was 0.16 people.

Chinese source: tjj.hunan.gov.cn