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15 July 2015

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Hunan Province Statistical Communiqué for the 2012 National Economic and Social Development

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In 2012, faced with the complicated and severe international economic state as well as arduous tasks of upholding domestic economy, under the firm leadership of CPC Hunan Provincial Committee and Hunan Provincial People's Government, the people of Hunan Province, exerted all possible efforts to boost sustainable development. As a result, Hunan’s monetary performance saw steady development, while all social undertakings achieved new heights, allaying a strong foundation for the comprehensive construction of a well heeled society.

I. General Outlook

In 2012, Hunan’s gross domestic product (GDP) for the year was 2,215.42 billion Yuan, up by 11.3 percent over the previous year. Out of this total, the added value of the primary industry was 300.42 billion Yuan, a 3 percent increase, that of the secondary industry was 1,050.64 billion Yuan, up by 12.8 percent and the tertiary industry was 864.36 billion Yuan, accounting for a 12.2 percent rise. Calculated over permanent population, the Per Capita GDP turned out to be 33,480 Yuan, up by 10.7 percent.  

The proportion of the three industries in Hunan Province was calculated as 13.6: 47.4:39. The added value of the secondary industry accounted for 41.3 percent of Hunan’s GDP, equaling the prior year’s figure.The value added of the high and new technology industry accounted for 15 percent, up by 0.3 percentages over the preceding year. The contribution rate of the primary, secondary and tertiary industry to economic growth was 3.6 percent, 54 percent and 42.4 percent respectively. Of the total, the contribution rate of industrial added value to economic growth was 49.6 percent, and that of the added value of product services to economic growth was 19.1 percent. The added value of non-public sectors of the economy was 1,279.12 billion Yuan, up by 13 percent and accounting for 57.7 percent of Hunan’s GDP.

II. Agriculture

In 2012, the total output of farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery in Hunan was 490.41 billion Yuan, up by 3 percent. Of the total, the output value of farming was 265.17 billion Yuan, up by 2 percent that of forestry was 26 billion Yuan, up by 5 percent, animal husbandry was 148.86 billion Yuan, up by 4.7 percent and fishery was 27.99 billion Yuan, up by 5.5 percent.

The sown grain area was 4,908,000 hectares, an increase of 0.6 percent compared with that in the previous year; for cotton the area was 202,000 hectares, up by 5 percent; sugar crops was 14,000 hectares, a decrease of 0.3 percent; oil-bearing crops was 1,322,000 hectares, up by 2 percent; and the sown area of vegetables was 1,239,000 hectares, up by 3.8 percent.

The total output of grain in 2012 was increased by 2.3 percent over the previous year; that of cotton increased by 10.5 percent; oil-bearing crops decreased by 3.5 percent; tea increased by 1.9 percent; fruits increased by 4.3 percent; flue-cured tobacco increased by 1.3 percent; meat increased by 5.1 percent; eggs increased by 1.8 percent; milk by 4.9 percent and aquatic products by 10 percent.

There were 62,000 water conservancy projects under construction in 2012, with an investment of 23.7 billion Yuan.A total area of 530 million cubic meters of earth and stone was covered. Over 57,000 hectares of farmland was increased owing to effective irrigation systems while another additional 45,000 hectares of farmland was guaranteed by water-saving irrigation systems.

III. Industry and Construction

The total added value of the industry sector was 914 billion Yuan, a year-on-year increase of 13.5%.The value added of industrial enterprise above designated size increased by 14.6% and the value added of seven emerging industry of strategic importance grew by 20.2%. The growth of value added for new products of industrial enterprise above designated size was 20.3%, taking up 12.2% of the total growth, 0.5 percentage points higher than the previous year. The value added of high-processing industry and high-tech industry above designated size rose by 18.1% and 32% respectively, 3.5 percentage points and 17.4 percentage points higher than the provincial average. In the industrial enterprises above designated size, the value added of high-processing industry and high-tech industry respectively took up 34.6% and 7.5% of the total, 0.9 percentage points and 2.2 percentage points higher that that of the previous year. The growth of the value added for six major high energy consuming industries was 31.5%, 3.5 percentage points lower than that of the previous year. The growth of value added of non-public industrial enterprise above designated size reached 18.5%, 3.9 percentage points higher than that of industrial enterprise above designated size. The growth of the value added of light and heavy industry was found to be 14.8% and 14.5% respectively. In terms of regions, the value added of industrial enterprise above designated size in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan(CZT) areas, CZT city cluster, southern Hunan and western Hunan grew by 15.5%, 15.4%,15% and 13% respectively.

IV. Investment in Fixed Assets

The provincial investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) increased by 27.5% to1, 457.66 billion Yuan,. Of the total investment, the investment in urban areas was 1,320.23 billion Yuan, up by 25%; and the investment in rural areas was 137.43 billion Yuan, up by 58.7%.The investment in fixed assets of state-owned units was 458.07 billion yuan, up by 28.6%; and in fixed assets of non-state-owned units was 999.59 billion yuan, up by 27%. The investment in fixed assets of primary industry, secondary industry and tertiary industry was 46.81 billion Yuan, 633.18 billion Yuan and 777.67 billion Yuan respectively, up by 46.1%, 29.4% and 25%. Private investment in Hunan totaled 883.48 billion Yuan with a year-on-year growth of 24.5%, accounting for 60.6% of the provincial investment in fixed assets.

V. Domestic Trade

In 2012, Hunan’s total retail sales of consumer goods reached 785.49 billion Yuan, a growth of 15.4% over the previous year. An analysis of several areas showed that the retail sales of consumer goods in urban areas stood at 711.73 billion Yuan, up by 15.5%, and that in rural areas reached 73.76 billion Yuan, up by 13.9%. Classified by sectors, the retail sales of consumer goods in wholesale and retail trades reached 685.82 billion Yuan, up by 15.5%; and that in hotel and catering services was 99.67 billion Yuan, up by 14.3%. In terms of regions, the total retail sales of consumer goods in Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan (CZT) zone, CZT city cluster, southern Hunan and western Hunan was 338.38 billion Yuan, 600.41 billion Yuan, 152.65 billion Yuan and 100.31 billion Yuan respectively, a year-on-year growth of 15.5%, 15.4%, 15.3% and 15.3%.

Out of the legal entities of wholesale and retail industry above designated size, the top six industries in terms of retails sales were found to be motor vehicles, petroleum and related products, grain, oil, beverages and liquors and tobaccos, clothing, shoes and hats and textiles, traditional Chinese drugs and western drugs, electric and electronic appliances for household use and audio-video equipment. The total retail sales of the six industries reached 232.54 billion Yuan, accounting for 82.3% of the retail sales of the legal entities of wholesale and retail industry above designated size which grew by 13.7%.

                                               VI. International Economics / trade

Hunan’s total import and export value was worth 21.94 billion dollars, a year-on-year increase of 15.5%. Of the total, the export value was 12.6 billion dollars and the import value was 9.34 billion dollars, up by 27.3% and 2.7% respectively.In terms of types of trade, the export value of general trade reached 8.65 billion dollars, up by 7.8%, and that of processing trade totaled 3.83 billion dollars, up by 123.4%. If analyzed from the key commodities perspective, the export value of mechanical and electrical products, totaling 5.09 billion dollars, accounted for 40.4% of the total export value, a year-on-year increase of 42.6%, that of new high-tech products accounted for 11% of the total export value, reaching 1.38 billion dollars and marking an increase of 75.8%, and that of agricultural products was 710,000 million dollars, an increase of 13.6%.

VII.Transportation, Post and Telecommunications and Tourism

Hunan’s total turnover volume of freight transport was 400.71 billon ton-km, a year-on-year increase of 17.8%. Of the total, goods transported via rail were 104.38 billion ton-km, a decrease of 4.6%, and that by road was 239.25 billion ton-km, increasing by 27.4%. The total turnover volume of passenger traffic was 174.92 billion person-km, a 4.6% increase. Of the total, passengers travelling by rail decreased to 80.49 billion person-km, 0.9% lower than the previous year, that by road increased to 85.4 billion person-km, up by 9.8%, and that utilizing civil aviation reached 8.77 billion per-km, increasing by 10.8%.  

The total value of post and telecommunications amounted to 47.79 billion Yuan, up by 9.7% compared with the previous year. Among them, the value of mail service totaled 3.66 billion Yuan, up by 8.8%, and that of teleservice reached 44.13 billion Yuan, a 9.8% growth. The number of switchboard and fixed telephones users was 8.976 million (a decrease of 28%) and 9.595 million respectively by the end of the year. Mobile phone users hit 42.619 million, an addition of 4.898 million, and that of Internet broadband users totaled 6.195 million, an increase of 23.3%.   

As for tourism, Hunan received 300,000 million domestic tourists (a 20.7% increase) and 2.246 million inbound tourists (a 1.8% decrease) respectively. The total revenue of tourism was 223.41 billion Yuan, increasing by 25.1%.Of the total, domestic revenue, marking a 26.6% growth, reached 217.55 billion Yuan, while foreign exchange earnings, marking a 10.7% decrease, lowered to 930,000 million dollars.

VIII. Finance and Insurance

Hunan’s total fiscal revenue reached 293.18 billion Yuan, up by 16.2% compared with the previous year and local fiscal revenue, totaling to 177.6 billion Yuan, increased by 17.1%. Of the total, tax revenue and nontax revenue reached 111.07 billion Yuan (a 21.3% increase) and 665,300 million Yuan (a 10.6% increase) respectively. Tax revenue turned over to central government was 90.13 billion Yuan, a 13.2% growth, including 24.78 billion Yuan income tax, a 20.6% growth. The total fiscal expenditure totaled 408.59 billion, up by 16.1%, including livelihood expenditure of 269.47 billion, growing by 17%.

Savings deposits in Renminbi and other currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 2,314.81 billion Yuan at the end of the year, a 370.49 billion increase compared to the start of the year. Of the total, corporate deposit and individual deposit were 946.13 billion Yuan and 1,270.51 Billion Yuan, increasing by 146.56 billion Yuan and 205.24 billion Yuan respectively. Bt the end of the year Loan balance in Renminbi and overseas currencies in all items of financial institutions totaled 1,564.86 billion Yuan, an increase of 218.45 billion Yuan in relation to the beginning of the year. Of the total, short-term loan balance and medium and long-term loan balance were 477.18 billion Yuan and 1,053.93 billion Yuan, up by 68.02 billion Yuan and 137.44 billion Yuan respectively.Besides, loan balance for development of real estate, micro, small and medium-sized enterprises and security housing was 77 billion Yuan, 601.61 billion Yuan and 12.6 billion Yuan respectively.

The annual original premium income, marking a 4.9% increase, reached 46.51 billion Yuan. Of the total income, income from life insurance, health insurance, accident insurance and property insurance was 28.36 billion Yuan(a 2.1% decrease), 2.46 billion Yuan(a increase of 26.7%), 1.21 billion Yuan(a increase of 6.8%) and 14.5 billion Yuan(a increase of 17.7%) respectively. Meanwhile, the total claim was 14.27 billion, a growth of 26.9%.

                                     IX. Education, Science and technology

There were 106 regular institutions of higher learning at the end of the year. The number of graduates from university and specialized colleges associated with regular high education was 307 thousand, that of graduates with a master degree was 16 thousand, and that of graduates from secondary technical schools was 251.5 thousand. The number of high school graduates, middle school graduates and primary school graduates was 310 thousand, 689 thousand and 770 thousand respectively. Enrollment of children in kindergarten totaled 1.764 million, a year-on-year increase of 7.7%. Enrolment rate of children in primary school hit 99.85%. As for the 10,242non-government colleges and schools, the enrolled population was 2.088 million students.   

The year 2012 saw establishment of a total of 11 national engineering (technology) research centers, with 9 national engineering research centers including one new center as well as11 national engineering laboratories, four more than the previous year. The number of state validated enterprise technical centers reached 29, two more that the previous year, undertaking 792 national projects in science and technology of various kinds. Of this total, 48 projects under National Key Technology Research and Development Program and 45 projects under the Hi-tech Research and Development Program (the 863 Program) were implemented in the province. A total of 6373 technology transfer contracts were signed, representing 4.42 billion Yuan in value. The number of scientific research results at the provincial level and above reached 884, with 15 National Scientific and Technological Advancement Awards, 4 National Award for Technological Invention and one National Natural Science Award. The number of patent applications and authorized patents were respectively numbered 35709 and 23212, a year-on-year rise of 21% and 44.5%. Of this total, 9974 patent applications for original inventions were accepted, up by 13.7%; and 3353 patents for such inventions were authorized, up by 28.6%. The number of patent applications for enterprises, universities and colleges, and scientific research institutes reached 20405, 3174 and 587, while the number of patents authorized were 14163, 1834 and 361. The value-added of new-and high-technology enterprises was 331.72 billion Yuan, up by 20.4%.

X. Culture, Public Health and Sport

By the end of 2012, there were 93 art-performing groups, 142 mass art centers and culture centers, 134 public libraries, 96 museums and memorials, 13 radio broadcasting stations, and 15 television stations. In addition, 11817 farmer family reading rooms were built. The users of CATV were 7.459 million households, an increase of 499,000 households over the previous year. Broadcasting and television coverage rates were 92.95% and 97.17%, up by 0.34% and 0.35%. There were 99 state-level intangible cultural heritage protection projects and 220 provincial level protection projects in the province. All sorts of books were issued under 11210 categories, with 87 types of newspapers and magazines with 248 styles. A total of 300 million copies of books were published, and 1.21 billion copies of newspapers and 130 million copies of magazines were issued.

By the end of 2012, there were 14,232 health institutions (village clinic excluded) in the province, including 798 hospitals, 2294 health centers, 139 maternal and child health-care institutions, 86 specialized health institutions. There were 273,000 beds in hospitals and health centers in the province, up by 13% while 297,000 health workers were installed, up by 4.4%. Among these health workers, there were 116,000 practicing doctors and assistant practicing doctors, up by 1.8%; and 113,000 registered nurses, up by 10.8%.

The province carried out 1690 fitness programs for all people projects throughout the province with a participation of 21.04 million. The number of newly built farmer sports fitness projects administrative villages was 1,000. The athletes of Hunan province won 4 World Championships, 14 Asian Championship gold medals and 29 National Championships. There were 21423 sports grounds and associated buildings including 167 stadiums, 664 sports grounds, 206 swimming pools and 20,386 all sorts of training rooms.

XI. Population, Living Conditions and Social Security

By the end of 2012, the total population of Hunan province reached 71.799 million, including 66.389 permanent residents. The crude birth rate, death rate and natural growth rate was13.58‰, 7.01‰ and 6.57‰. The composition of the population aged 0-14 ,15-59, 60 and above accounted for 18%66.4% and 15.6%. Compared with the population of previous year, the proportion of the population aged 0-14 increased by 0.2 percentage points, the 15-59 dropped by 0.8 percentage points, and aged 60 and above increased by 0.6 percentage points. The number of employed personnel in the province was estimated to 40.25 million, an increase of 200,000 over previous year.

XII. Resources, Environment and Work Safety

A total of 143 mineral deposits have been discovered in the province and the reserves of 105 mineral deposits have been explored. Implementation of geological explorations projects (including continue projects) were 340 and exploration projects of mine resources crisis were 26 last year. A total of 13 new mineral deposits in large or medium size were discovered. There were 10 National Geology Park and 3 geological sites.

In urban areas, the city sewage treatment rate and the treatment rate of solid waste from daily life processed under nontoxic programs were respectively 86.5% and 96.8%, up by 3.7% and 10.5%. The air quality of 14 cities successfully met the Grade II air quality standard. The rate of actual surface water monitoring across sections which met the Grade III standard was 87.2%. A total of 120 natural reserves with an area of 1,256,000 hectares was approved, including 17 state-level and 29 provincial-level reserves. A total of 404,000 hectares of forest in the barren hills and waste (sand) was planted. At the end of the year, there was 907,000 hectares of afforested area near closed off mountains. The forest coverage rate reached 57.34%, up by 0.21%.

In 2012, a total of 12995 work related accidents of various kinds were reported in the province, up by 11.8%. The death toll due to work accidents amounted to 2595, a year-on-year decrease of 8.5%. The death toll from work accidents every 100 million yuan worth of GDP was 0.118 people, a decline of 18.1%. Work accidents in industrial, mining and commercial enterprises caused 1.5 deaths out of every 100 thousand employees, down 28.6%. The death toll in coalmines while producing one million tons of coal was 1.56, down 48.5%. The year 2012 witnessed 8,703 traffic accidents, up by 7.2%. The road traffic death toll per 10 thousand vehicles was 2.3, a decrease of 18.7%.

Chinese source: official website of Hunan Provincial Bureau of Statistics